These paintings are a vehicle for exploring ideas dealing with frame, limits, boundary, and volume. Flatness of form through the use of layering, line weights, and cusps; the composition never breaks the edge of the frame. The canvas as an object reads as volume while the painting surface of colors, lines, and characters is flat and free of any texture. Wrapped with the thickness of canvas and framed within a wooden armature, I see the paintings themselves as acts of sculpture. Embracing its context, you can move around, touch, smell, and see. The ambiguity of cartoon volumes like rectangles, cylinders, flat blobs, and layered elements blends the relationship between 2D representation and suggested 3D forms. Bright and full of color, the body of work is indexical to one another. They consist of reused elements like cusps, wiggles, primitive shapes, graphic icons, line tornados, cartoon volumes, and house paint colors.